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08/05/2010

How to remove blood stains, wine stains and other stains of organic origin

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    The stains of organic origin are removed with stain removers, which include reducing agents (sodium hydrosulfite or its derivatives), oxidants (hydrogen peroxide), as well as various solvents and other substances. Their action is based on the fact that they convert coloring matter to the colorless one which is easily washed out.
    To remove stains from juice, berries, fruit, ink, wine from any fabric use powdered cleaners and pastes, indicating that the stain remover is used for organic stains removing. Wet the contaminated area of cloth with warm water, apply a thin layer of powder or paste, rub the cleaner in fabric and wash in 5-10 min.
    Stains of tannin origin, such as the ones from tea, wine or berries can be removed by wetting the cloth in a solution containing a part of oxalic acid, 2 parts of citric acid and 50 parts of water. For all fabrics, except for acetate, you can use a solution of equal ethyl alcohol and tartaric acid parts and a solution of ethanol (10 parts) and citric acid (2 parts).
    A stain of tea is removed by wiping the contaminated area with a cotton swab moistened in a solution of ammonia (half a teaspoon) and glycerol (two teaspoons).
    Many stains of organic origin are removed from cotton and linen fabrics with a bleach. When bleaching fabrics with liquid bleaches containing sodium hypochlorite you can easily get rid of stains from fruit, vegetables, grass, tea, chocolate, ink, must, egg white, milk, blood and iron traces.
    Stains from henna can be removed by placing the contaminated area of fabric in a solution of hydrogen peroxide, ammonia and water of equal volumes for 20 minutes.
    Wax stain is removed by wiping it with a cotton swab moistened in a solution of ethyl alcohol and turpentine of equal volumes.
    To remove stains from soot, sponge them off with turpentine.
    Traces of flies are removed with a cotton swab moistened in ammonia.
    To remove stearin and paraffin stains put several layers of blotting paper on both sides of the contaminated area and iron it with a hot iron.
    Fresh blood stains are easily removed by washing in cold water with detergent.
    Try to remove old blood stains with soap or apply a paste of synthetic detergent containing an enzyme and then keep it for several hours in a warm place. It is important to keep the stain wet, as enzymes have an effect only in the water presence.
    Urine stains can be removed by putting the contaminated piece of fabric in a solution of vinegar (1 tbsp in a glass of water) for 1 hour.
    Fresh ink stains are easily removed if you wash the contaminated area of fabric with warm fresh milk or sour milk.
    Also, an ink stain can be removed with a cotton swab moistened in a solution of glycerol and ethanol of equal amounts. The swab should be changed several times.
    Stains of mascara and gouache paints are removed only with cold water and any detergent. Contaminated area is soaked in cold detergent solution, and after drying it is cleaned with a brush.
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